Chlamydia Screening

Proven Success among Young People

CHLAMYDIA INFECTIONS

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) are spreading all over the globe with no apparent geographical limits. Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, often with mild to no appreciable symptoms. This is a significant issue.

Although the infection is easily treatable, if the infection is not treated and left to spread through the body unchecked, life-threatening and irreversible damage to the person with the disease can occur. Chlamydia can also be transmitted by infected mothers to their babies during birth, and Chlamydia-infected people are five times more likely to become infected with HIV, if exposed.

The ease with which other infections promote themselves in Chlamydia-infected individuals is due to weakened immune systems caused by the first infection. Today, Chlamydia is known as the “silent” bacteria since 75% of infected individuals have no symptoms in the early stages.

To help contain the spread of this infection, an annual screening for Chlamydia is recommended for all sexually active and pregnant women. One of the greatest advantages of our technology is that it allows the patient to auto-sample at home or work, without having to go to the clinic go in person.

WHO ARE THE MOST AFFECTED PEOPLE?

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Young Adults

According to the World Health Organization more than 90 million new cases (male/female) occurring each year worldwide. In the United States alone: 4 million new cases occur each year and only 1/3 of 22 million American woman that should be tested yearly are actually tested.

Public Health Agency of Canada, more than 40,000 young women are diagnosed with chlamydia each year in Canada alone, and they represent only a fraction of the number of young women with the infection. In a majority of cases, in both women and men, chlamydia is an asymptomatic (symptomless) infection.

Women at Risk

According to the Center for Disease Control in the United States, an untreated chlamydia infection may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ectopic pregnancy,  chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. Chlamydia infections contribute to increased risk for HIV infections due to inflammation and the fact that immune cells leave their normal places in the body and migrate to the site of the chlamydia infection.

Infertility in Women

If untreated, about 10-15% of women with chlamydia can developped Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). Chlamydia can also cause an infection in the fallopian tubes  which may not present any symptoms. PID and “silent” infections of the upper genital tract can cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding tissues, thus leading to infertility.

In addition, Chlamydia infections contribute to increased risk for HIV infections due to inflammation and the drafting of immune cells to the site of chlamydia infection.

Chlamydia and Pregnancy

Women who are affected by chlamydia during pregnancy tend to have greater risks of infection of the amniotic sac and fluid, premature birth, and preterm membrane rupture (PPROM). Infection can easily be passed to to the foetus during birth. Neonatal conjunctivitis is a common infection caused by chlamydia that affects the baby’s eyes. This conjunctivitis can be very damaging to the newborn’s eyes and causes scarring and even permanent blindness. It is important that you know your sexual health status and that you get treatment, as chlamydia can harm not only you, but also the health of your baby.

Unprotected Sexual Activity

Due to its asymptomatic nature, women infected by chlamydia are less likely to be aware of the infection, and are therefore highly vulnerable to the moe extreme health consequences of the infection. Women in the 15-19 and 20-24 age groups are more than twice as likely to be diagnosed with the infection as similarly aged men. Because reported rates are based only on diagnosed cases, testing is key to monitoring infection rates. Getting tested on a regular basis is very important.

Treating Chlamydia

If you are diagnosed with chlamydia, your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics. Either one single dose of azithromycin or a regimen of doxycycline twice daily for 7 to 14 days are usually enough to cure the infection. The doses are the same for those with or without HIV. With rapid treatment, the infection should clear up in about a week. Although medication will eradicate the infection, it will unfortunately not repair any permanent damage done by the disease, such as infertility or child blindness. Regular screening if you are at risk is highly recommended. Our home screening kit is safe, easy, affordable, reliable and anonymous.

Chlamydia infection can spread to the upper genital tract
in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility

Chlamydia by age

  • 15-19
  • 20-24
  • 25-29
  • 30-39
  • 40 +