Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are among the most widely spread diseases in the world. They are either viral, parasitic, or bacterial. The World Health Organization estimates that every day, 1 million people around the world are infected with an STI. On the bacterial side, each year 92 million people become infected with Chlamydia alone, including about 2.8 million Americans. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, Atlanta), Chlamydial genital infection is the most frequently reported infectious disease in the United States. In addition, about 300,000 Americans contract gonorrhea every year.

On the viral side, 500 million people worldwide are infected with Type 2 Genital Herpes (HSV-2) and 290 million women are carrying the human papilloma virus (HPV) which can lead to cervical cancer.

The most at-risk group of people is sexually active women under the age of 26.

These diseases, particularly Chlamydia, can lead to a variety of serious medical conditions that can leave a woman sterile or seriously harm a baby she gives birth to while infected. Chlamydia is the leading cause of infertility in women and the leading cause of blindness in newborn children, and it is preventable.

Other STIs like syphilis and (HPV) can cause neurological damage, dementia, and cancer.

 Don’t wait! Bacterial STIs and trichomoniasis are easily treated with single-dose of modern antibiotics, especially in the early stages!

 

Why do STIs spread so fast?

The major problem is that the early symptoms of STIs, particularly Chlamydia, are hardly noticeable or totally absent. Chlamydia itself is referred to as The Hidden Disease because 75% of cases in women are asymptomatic – they do not exhibit symptoms for years. The clinical condition often appears only when the physical damage to the reproductive organs is irreversible and sometimes induces chronic pain. Since these millions of people do not know that they are infected, they continue to pass the infection on to others, who pass it on in turn.

Prevalance of chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis infections worldwide in 2012

Chlamydia Women 76 Million
Chlamydia Men 51 Million
Gonorrhoea Women 15 Million
Gonorrhoea Men 12 Million
Trichomoniasis Women 90 Million
Trichomoniasis Men 10 Million

According to World Health Organization

  • more than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired every day worldwide
  • Each year, there are an estimated 357 million new infections with 1 of 4 STIs:
    • chlamydia
    • gonorrhoea
    • syphilis
    • trichomoniasis

Protect yourself and others

At this time, there are no vaccines for these diseases except for HPV. The only way to protect yourself from these diseases is to avoid unprotected sex with an infected partner or a partner whose status you do not know. Condoms and dental dams do provide a certain level of protection, but are not 100% effective.

Treatment is easy for some important STIs

Three bacterial STIs (Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis) and the parasitic STI trichomoniasis can be cured by an inexpensive treatment. Either a single dose of antibiotic or a one-week course of antibiotics will clear up the infection. We have to take into consideration that resistance of STIs to antibiotics has increased and has reduced treatment options, particularly for gonorrhea. Viral STIs including HIV and HSV can be controlled with anti-viral medication but cannot be cured. Prevention and treatment of STIs are essential.

The reason that people do not receive treatment is that they do not know that they are infected because they have not been tested.